Sunday, May 17, 2020

The Social Network Essay - 1060 Words

The Dramatic Interpretation of the Social Network Myth After watching the movie The Social Network, the first thing I did was to search for Mark Zuckerberg’s real life experiences to see which parts are facts and which are fictions. As a matter of fact, this Harvard genius that founded the world’s first social network was not as childish as the movie portrayed. At least he didn’t write programming for getting into elite Harvard â€Å"Final Clubs† or for retaliating his girlfriend. During Mark’s high school, Microsoft and AOL tried to purchase the music player that he built and also invited him to join them. However, Mark decided to enroll in Harvard for further education. From where I stand, although the movie is fictional, it can easily†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Like, every single shirt and fleece that I had in that movie is actually a shirt or fleece that I own.† â€Å"Someone might build something because they like building thin gs,† Zuckerberg explains. Normally, Mark should be the person who cares about the movie most and might be pissed off because the movie portrayed him in an unflattering light. But it seems that he respects the ideas and decisions of the filmmakers, more or less, in terms of artistic creation. It was because he wanted to see how filmmakers would interpret his unimaginable story. This kind of art stresses the maze beyond art and the real world, which can only be seen through by smart people who also show respect to the artwork. â€Å"The movie’s final image—Zuckerberg â€Å"friending† the woman who dumped him and endlessly refreshing the page to see if she accepts—is presented as pathetic irony. But you could also read it as a sign of hope. In the Facebook world, which is now ours, a new communication infrastructure exists, with no avenues definitively closed.† (Edelstein) The real Zuckerberg had a vision that Facebook would help create communit ies in an ever-insular world. And now we have seen the evolution. The world is changing so fast that we all get confused and disoriented without knowing what to do next. We like the Facebook: fast, simple, up-to-date...While theShow MoreRelatedSocial Network Essay642 Words   |  3 PagesSocial network essay Social networking can be a useful tool for keeping in touch with friends and family but when it is used to substitute it for actual face to face contact it can be a dangerous thing. You cant lie; social networking is a very large part of our lives. In September 2011 Facebook registered 800 million users. Social networking can have good effects on people and help them out but it can be used inappropriately and can have very disastrous effects on people’ friends that you wantRead More Social Networks Essay1380 Words   |  6 PagesJones and Fox 2009, Pg 247). With the introduction of social networking sites such as Facebook, My Space, Twitter and various smaller community based social networking sites it has made the ability of communicating so easy and accessible that people are able to sit in one place and know about what is going on somewhere else in the world related to your friend / group / community network (Nair 2009, Pg 52). This essay will focus on how social network ing sites play an integral part of everyday communicationRead MoreEssay on The Social Network3639 Words   |  15 PagesThe Effects of Emotions, Attitudes and Stress on the Workplace A movie review analysis on The Social Network. Organizational Behaviour Prepared by: Prepared for: Shirley Rose Jordan Rahmani Due Date: April 11, 2011 Jennifer McNeil Bryan Bairstow Brad Tomanik Executive Summary Read MoreSocial Media Networks Essay599 Words   |  3 Pages1. Theoretical Framework Social Media networks have profoundly changed the propagation of information by making it incredibly easy to share and digest information on the internet (Akrimi Khemakhem, 2012). Social networks allows people to communicate with many individuals simultaneously when compared to the traditional personal communication, thus, sharing information becomes easier and faster. Furthermore, Social media allows individual to demonstrate their main interests by engaging with brandsRead MoreEssay about Privacy on Social Networks2324 Words   |  10 PagesThis essay will discuss and critically analyse whether or not existing data protection laws protect the privacy of individuals whose personal information has been disclosed on social networking sites. Over the last decade social networking sites (SNS) have increased their popularity among the people. These SNS are mySpace, facebook, twitter, bebo etc. There are various reasons of people using these sites. However, majority of SNS users are those people who use these sites for social networkingRead More Social Networks and Social Networking Sites Essay3605 Words   |  15 Pagestechnologically savvy and dependent society with the Internet readily available to many. Convenience and connection are vital to individuals, especially within the United States. Social networking sites have progressed to fit the demanding desires of today’s technological era (Albarran 118). The progression from the first social networking sites, such as Friendster or instant messaging, to the sites used today, such as Facebook and Twitter, has made a significant impact on society. Fifteen years ago itRead MoreEssay Outlne on Cyber Bulying on Social Networks855 Words   |  4 PagesHead: ESSAY OUTL INE ON CYBER BULLYING ON SOCIAL NETWORKS Cyber Bullying through Social Networks ENGL107-1103B-23 2011 I. Thesis Statement: Social Networks are giving bullies an opportunity to attack individuals online by invading their privacy and creating psychological effects from attacks. These problems need to be addressed by controlling and preventing cyber bullying. II. Social Networks create an open access towards exposing individuals’ personal information Social networks allowRead MoreSocial Network Risk Assessment Essays1137 Words   |  5 PagesMinor Assessment (Risk assessment) Introduction Social networking sites such as Facebook and MySpace have exploded in recent years and young surfers in particular have become ardent fans of this dynamic and high-tech way to connect with the wider world around them, communicating with friends and hooking up with like-minded people. But as with everything in the virtual world, parents do need to understand how their children are interacting on social networking sites, and be sure their children knowRead MoreThe Impact of Online Social Networks Essay999 Words   |  4 PagesTwitter, Skype, Facebook these are just a few of the online social networks we utilize day to day, which has made connecting to others easier than before. A social network is a structure made up of individuals or organizations that are tied by one or more specific types of relationships such as friendships. Although traditionally operated with person to person contact, it is now more popular online through social media networks such as Facebook and Skype. There a re millions of persons with wide rangesRead MoreEssay On Social Networks And Society Today1458 Words   |  6 Pages Social Networks and Society Today Attallah Williams INF 103 Computer Literacy Mary Diane Cornilsen October 16, 2017 Social Networks and Society Today More than twenty years back, having the capacity to interface with someone else on the opposite side of the world with only a tick of the catch appeared to be incomprehensible. In this day and age, the vast majority of our associations happen on the web, through interpersonal organizations. We interface with companions, family, even

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Impact Of Developmental Changes On Africa From The...

Chinecherem Eze History 39 Developmental Changes in Africa from the close of WWII through the 1990s From the close of World War II through the 1990s, sub-Saharan Africa experienced major transformations in form of accomplishments as well as challenges. Some of the accomplishments includes decolonization and gaining independence from previous colonial masters and subsequently moving away from authoritarian regimes to embrace democracy. They have also been faced with some challenges of poverty, and weak state. The main obstacle to the economic advancement of Africans is the social cum racial inequality between Africans and their colonizers in addition to the lack of human dignity experienced by Africans as the direct result of the policy of white supremacy. During the Scramble for Africa in the late 1900s, European powers divided Africa and its resources into political partitions at the Berlin Conference of 1884-85. By the early 1900s, African soil was almost completely controlled by European rule, with the only exceptions being Liberia (which had been settled by African-American former slaves) and Ethiopia (which had successfully resisted colonization by Italy). As a result of colonialism and imperialism, Africa suffered long term effects, such as the loss of important natural resources, economic devastation, cultural confusion, geopolitical division, and political subjugation (Lecture). It was for this cause that Africans sought for their independence. Therefore

Environmental Science and Molecular Biology

Question: Describe about the Environmental Science and Molecular Biology? Answer: Abstract Essentially since the creating of the mixture protozoon (Ehrenberg), the taxa that were parceled out to the present category are isolated, half differentiated and redid into new genera targeted around seen morphological associations. A rate of the results from this half were the assembly of the genera Phacus (Dujardin), Lepocinclis (Perty), disability (Pringsheim) and Khawkinea (Jahn besides McKibben) supported instinctual, phenetic techniques. With a finished objective to assess the credibleness of those general we've got used very little monetary unit (SSU) rDNA knowledge to create a phyletic framework for these genera, with explicit respect for the category protozoon. Mistreatment the safeguarded progression extends, a phyletic examination was performed mistreatment parsimoniousness, most superb chance, and division systems. These differing criteria have realised trees of a similar topology. The monophyletic euglenid biological group was created out of phagotrophic euglenoids at t he bottom that offered move to phototrophs that during this manner offered move to osmotrophs. Among the chemical action taxa, the biflagellate structure differentiated going before the uniflagellate structure. Likewise, the necessity for a revision within the fact-finding order of a number of these genera was displayed. Beginning currently, taxa from the chemical action genera protozoon, Phacus, and Lepocinclis do not structure monophyletic clades, however are intermixed with one another and with the osmotrophic taxa, disability and Khawkinea. Introduction The mixtureprotozoanwas brought bywriterup in 1830neverthelesswasn'tdiagnosed by himtill1838, atwhich erait containedchemical actionand dismal taxa. To be very specific new euglenoids prolifically weredelineate numerouswereassignedto the mixtureprotozoan,tillit over thelong-termcontained a grouping of assortmentstructures:chemical action, osmotrophic (with andwhile nota disgrace);cigar-shaped, ovoid, leveled (degree variable); metabolic (euglenoid advancement) or unyielding (degree variable).Basicallythe formalendofprotozoan, raisedthe typePhacus to hold on those specific Species of euglena" which waseachvery hard and alsosmoothened. Tragically, the unimportant level of leveling wasne'erpictured,thusPhacus contains taxa thatarea unitto a degree leveled, to considerablysmoothened, ineachsensiblesense 2-dimentional.During thismethodstarted the piece of different "species of euglena"supportedevidentanalysisvariationsand their regathering by similitude, for example level or not level. It affectedahead,World health organizationraised assortment Lepocinclis, tough, neither leveled and lagging pyrenoids, thenthe typehandicap(Pringsheim 1936), osmotrophic along with andwhile nota disgrace, tothe typeKhawkinea, osmotrophic along with a disgrace,halffromthe typehandicap. Thehalfand redoing of assemblageof taxaprimarily and mostly basedupon similarity, i.e. phenetics,isn't anya lot ofa tasteful methodology since it cannotunderstandsimilarityand homoplasy. Given thelikelihoodof morphological characters being misdirecting, homoplastic, and for the circumstances ofliving thing living creaturesrestrictedinrange,it has beenused nuclear gathering information, SSU rDNA,victimizationparsimony, mostsuperbchance, and partitionduring this examination. Inlightweightof past nuclear euglenoids phylogenies, it had all the earmarks of beingseeminglythat SSU rDNAinformation would havethe flexibilitytounderstandjust in casethe Lepocinclis, genera Phacus, Khawkinea and Astasiaarea unitgenero us,ought tobecame backtothe typeprotozoan. Basically the examination utilizes the progressions directly fromtwentyeuglenidtaxa,together withPhacus species of five different types,and a pair of Lepocinclis species with a deciding objective to expectation this issue. Method Social orders were procured from the Cultureassortmentofprotoctist(UTEX)and findto be along individual media. For provenience along with depictions of effectively point wise social orders, wereconcludedup in soil water, E. anabaena was gotten to be in proteoseorganic compoundmedium, Phacus pusillus, P. megalopsis wereconcludedup into soil water and P.animal order wereconcludedup into soil water. Consideringlightweight, TEM, and SEM contemplates were not one orthe oppositeP. megalopsis nor P.animal ordermodifiedin accordance with the conclusion for these species,butgave offa swayof being P. splendens and P. oscillans, completely. Thusly, they were insinuatedduring thisarrangement. Deoxyribonucleic acidsegregation, improvement and sequencing Genomicdeoxyribonucleic acid was isolates as effectivelyrepresented,exploitationeither the Chelex technique with Chelexa hundredsap or the Puregenedeoxyribonucleic acidisolation unit takingwhentheplant structuretradition. The SSU DNA groupings were detachedexploitationPCR, with byand enormousspared arrangements, cryptography and non-coding. Mostly improved things were refined and also measured on gels of agarose, by then removed exploitationthe QIAEX II Gel Extraction Kitconsistent with maker's bearings. The separated configuration was then sequencedexploitationinward arrangements for safeguarded regions (Associate in Nursing 1997) exploitationa coloragentcycle sequencer. All groupings werecreated victimizationeachforward and SSU banter strandsdeoxyribonucleic acid. Any incongruities among progressions from differing arrangements prolifically were controlled by examining the recordingfor everyreadiness. The Geneticknowledgeatmosphere(GDEa pair of.2) framework was used on a Sparc2digital computerto get intoand altercourses of action from all forms of taxa. Protozoan progressions of stellata (advancement AF150936), E. acus, algae, E. anabaena (AFXXXX), oscillans of phacus (AFXXX), P. pusillus (AFXXXX), and P. splendens (AFXXXX) wereadscititiousantecedentlysentprogressions: Petalomonas cantuscygni, Peranema trichophorum, Khawkinea quartana Eutreptiella sp, Phacus pyrum,protozoanviridis (AF112872), E. gracilis (M12677), E. agilis (AF115279), E. sp. (AF112873), Lepocinclisgamete(AF110419), L. ovata (AF061338) andhandicaplonga (AF112871). The rDNA SSU progression of Phacus similis was prolifically found from the Societyassortmentof algae. Progressions, physically balanced, asplanned withspreadprotozoan progression of gracilis gained from theinformation.The sportset upwere upgradedvictimizationthat circulated E.gracilis assistant structure, Khawkinea quartana, Peranema trichophorum, and Petalomonas cantuscygni SSU rRNA. The methodwasparticularlyhelpfultodeal outwith variable regions of modesty.Significantlyvariable ranges, helices,could notbe unified balanced, andweren'tused asa chunkof the examinations inlightweightof the feebleness tosummary similarity.a completeof 1673 nucleotides were joinedwithin thebiological processexaminations belowtrait, detachment, and mostoutstandingchancecriteria. Results Niggardliness, most noteworthy chances, and partition exams prolifically performed within the balanced information victimization. Every one enclosed ester circumstance was managed as cost-free, un-ordered, different character which is of equal weight and game arranges fissure ended up being managed to be a base. A parsimoniousness (heuristic pursuit with out of the way stepwise off shoot and a set of, 000 redundancies) interest to locate length trees and shrubs base conducted for victimization growth progression collection at farthest, ACCTRAN figure state upgrade, tree partition reconnection (TBR) appendage trading, likewise MULTREES about. The simplest probability exams (heuristic pursuit with self-assertive stepwise growth and hundred redundancies, TBR enhancement swapping, beginning appendage period victimization Rogers Swofford, furthermore MULTREES on) ended up run victimization your Kimura two-parameter (K2P) type (Kimura 1980). Detachment trees and shrubs were supplied (heuri stic fascination with self-assertive stepwise growth and a set of, 000 redundancies) victimization your Kimura two-parameter type (Kimura 1980). Conformative partitions ended up moreover noncommissioned with TreeCon Glass windows structure 1. 3b (Van Precious stone State Expert and Precious stone State Wachter 1994) victimization your substitution fee conformity count number of Suv Diamond Express Peer (Van Precious stone State Expert et 's. 1996). "P" traits (like your gamma partition renovating of Jin and Nei (1990)) coming from zero. 3 to be able to 0. 6 ended up tried. The left-skewness (g1) have a look atwas conducted victimization a set of, 000 indiscriminately produced trees down below the quality customary(as conveyed above) tocreate feeling of whether or not the info collection contained biological process sign (Hillis and Huelsenbeck 1992). The typical and safety of stinginess and detachment trees and shrubs were surveyed victimization statistic bootstrapping (Felsenstein 1985) with a set of, 000 duplicates. Most remarkable probability statistic bootstrapping ended up being performed using a hundred replicates. The protection on the foremost stingy woods was furthermore measured with PAUP*victimization your decay history (Bremer 1994, Donoghue et 's. 1992) above) tocreate feeling of whether or not the info collection contained biological process sign (Hillis and Huelsenbeck 1992). The typical and safety of stinginess and detachment trees and shrubs were surveyed victimization statistic bootstrapping (Felsenstein 1985) with a set of, 000 duplicates. Most remarkable probability statistic bootstrapping ended up being performed using a hundred replicates. The protection on the foremost stingy woods was furthermore measured with PAUP*victimization your decay history (Bremer 1994, Donoghue et 's. 1992). NO. SAMPLE TEMP. ABSORBANCE(ml) CENTRIFUGATION BEFORE ABSORBANCE(ml) CENTRIFUGATION AFTER 1 PC-1 15OC 0.018 0.006 2 PC-2 20OC 0.016 0.031 3 PC-3 25OC 0.010 0.017 4 PC-1 15OC 0.069 0.044 5 PC-2 20OC 0.048 0.034 6 PC-3 25OC 0.046 0.044 7 PC-1 15OC 0.035 0.049 8 PC-2 20OC 0.032 0.044 9 PC-3 25OC 0.030 0.039 10 BM-1 15OC 0.081 0.028 11 BM-2 20OC 0.087 0.013 12 BM-3 25OC 0.023 0.002 Spectrometer Reading The table below represents the samples absorbance. Number TEMP. Temperature Having requirement woods delivered through the endeavor AutoDecay a couple of. 9. 6 (Eriksson 1997). For all parsimony exams, consistencies as well as support papers were assembled whilst for informational positions. Out there group contact the euglenoids, trichophorum, Peranema as well as Petalomonas cantuscygni ended up chosen amasses on this study targeted around earlier work of which plainly demonstrated they weren't different parts of the generaprotozoon or Eutreptiella (Linton, et. al. 1999). Also, their difference of twenty six - forty thirdfrom the contrary taxa on this study position them closer to, although it is not being to some degree of, the particular inner circle than taxa effectively used while out organizations. Euglena Gracillis an association of a plant along with animal. Sampled within a petri dish. This unicellular flagellate protest may be the widely researched about group of euglenoidea The base structure on the info arranged, was balanced having a mean gigahertz scope of 50 six, consequently, the ester extents one of many taxa just weren't skew. The left-skewness have a look at achieved a g1 balanced to -0. seventy eight, that incontestible that the info method contained natural process warning, p0. 01. This foremost constrained discretionarily made closeness bushes were not any below563 even more steps very long. Closeness study of the entire knowledge arranged yielded 2 most stingy bushes, strict accord appeared with a length of 2722 measures targeted all around 627 feature informational personas. The 2 trees stirred simply from the extending solicitation connected with protozoon acus, Electronic. spirogyra, along with Lepocinclis. Whereas the middle containing these kind of 3 taxa was a student in earnest looked after, bootstrap ninetieth along with decay d7, the web link between these kind of taxa can't be fixed and ended up being best self-addressed being a trichotomy. A massive share on the remaining centers on the tree exhibited high bootstrap along with decay beliefs, particularly in the bottoom of the particular tree wherever the varied divergences connected with Eutreptiella sp. imitated by simply protozoon anabaena, wherever every single immovably looked after by 100 percent bootstrap beliefs, and rot away arrangements connected with d45 along with d44, severally. The topology on th e closeness sapling has different parts of the photosynthetic genera (Phacus, Lepocinclis), and osmotrophic genera (Khawkinea, Astasia) intermixed among different parts of the photosynthetic assortment protozoon. The osmotrophs, K. quartana as well as a. longa, did not structure any stimulatingbiological team, but were being organized autonomously inside a tolerably helped (bootstrap 80 four and decay d11) monophyletic scientific group made up of taxa in the photosynthetic salmagundi protozoon. in such a biological group the wedding of protozoon stellata and E. viridis seeing that sister taxa seemed to be conventionally sponsored, whereas the excellence connected with K. quartana received low accomplish, bootstrap fifty fifth and decay record d1. The varied divergences with the remaining different parts of this scientific group were being adequately upheld through each bootstrap and decay files. The left over taxa surrounded a conventionally upheld monophyletic brother biological te am, bootstrap 80 fourand weathering d11, towards Euglena-Khawkinea-Astasia scientific group. This kind of biological team contained3 genera, Euglena, Phacus, and Lepocinclis, occur among 3 clades, emerge of that was mono-flat. A superior bootstrap connected with eighty fifth as well as a decay connected with maintained Phacus-specific scientific group with P. pusillus walking initially, got once through P. oscillans and P. similis. The brother biological group towards Phacus-specific scientific group did not contain any of the remaining different parts of the class Phacus, however was created out connected with eight protozoon acus, E. spirogyra, and Lepocinclisegg cell. Despite the method that, the support with regard to event these kinds of 3 taxa together were durable, parsimony assessment wasn't capable to reason their own growing charm realizing any trichotomy. The rest of the biological team created from Phacus pyrum, R. splendens, and Lepocinclis ovata seemed to be sister tow ards Phacus-specific and Euglena-Lepocinclis clades. This kind of biological team was sufficiently set andwithout ambiguity upheld, bootstrap 80 four and decay d11, with P. splendens dividing before the L. ovata and P. pyrum wrap up. Most wonderful probability assessment yielded any lone tree with an unclear topology thereto observed victimization characteristic. This tree alongside the dubious trichotomyhowever received weaker bootstrap accomplishes sixty seven, for the half between your Euglena-Khawkinea-Astasia scientific group and Phacus-Euglena Lepocinclis scientific group. Split examination victimization the K2P (Fig. 3) or perhaps substitution rate arrangement opinion ("p" corresponding tozero. 3 or perhaps 0. 6, not exhibited) concluded in trees connected with unclear topologies, of which differentiated simply probably with appendage program plans and bootstrap accomplish. The topology with the partition bushes was not yet determined theretoseen inside the closeness, and alm ost all wonderful chance trees as well the half between your Euglena-Khawkinea-Astasia, and Phacus-Euglena-Lepocinclis clades seemed to be insistently helped, bootstrap 1 / 2 one mile. Besides, the trichotomy among protozoon acus, E. spirogyra, and Lepocinclis egg cell stayed suspicious; however the biological team had an increased bootstrap assist of 85 nine. Here we see the absence of any protist. Sampled on a petri dish. Discussion For the current time there is no single untouched system favorable review development, particularly intended for natural chemicals acknowledged to experience a protracted transformative record, for illustration, and the particular euglenoids. Henceforth, stinginess, detachment, and quite a few distinguished opportunity systems where onto dismember just about all gathering knowledge, regarding each and every method's intelligent circumstances as well as confinements. Each the particular foremost fantastic chance as well as partition schedules have the inclination of being less delicate than trait to the long enlargement attractions typical among recent number of relatives. Also, partition victimization the particular substitution pace conformity count as expended in Shrub Con intended for Windows, evaluations decent transformative partitions plenty of resolutely by means of discovering replacement rates connected with individual nucleotides. Yet, this construction nine obliges no in n eed of what forty or plenty of balanced groupings to gage a p-regard, and decent knowledge will be assuredly not necessarily open with the euglenoids commencing currently. Just as one alternate we often used link degree magnitude of predefined qualities to confirm the consequences of exclusive substitution premiums on tree topology. Low p-qualities illustrate a plenty of imperative unfold in replacement rates (p = absolutely no. 3), whereas better qualities show a family member substitution pace (p = absolutely no. 6) on the list of individual nucleotides. The development bestowed suggestions in simultaneity with all the past sub-nuclear phylogenies connected with Montegut-Felkner together with Triemer (1997) together with Linton et is. (1999), that result in that phagotrophic euglenoids offered go on to the phototrophs, that subsequently offered go on to the osmotrophs, although phototrophs. With 2 producing flagella (Eutreptiella sp. ) travelled before include those with one producing flagellum. In addition, the existing examination similarly demonstrates the necessity for some sort of revision inside explorative order of euglenoids. Inside the crown natural group The longa is always the sibling taxonomic class to At the. gracilis along with protozoan sp. while K. quartana has long been the sibling taxonomic class to At the. agilis, The. longa, At the. gracilis along with protozoan sp., showcasing associate degree concerning granted heritage among these genera. As analyzed already (Linton 1999), this close-by marriage are obvious because institution on the category handicap, and therefore the category Khawkinea. The unit of handicap coming f rom protozoan, and later the section of Khawkinea coming from handicap was initially seen to be unnatural by means of Pringsheim along with Hovasse (1950). Pringsheim (1956) later saw that losing chemical activity had occured distinctive times in a variety of photosynthetic alga groupings, and hence the genuineness regarding separating the actual uninteresting structures that has a disgrace in associate degree alternate miscellanea seemed to be eccentric. Nonethelesssolely 2 osmotrophic euglenoids ended up amalgamated in this examinations, facilitate for your various sources of osmotrophic euglenoids was appeared. Longa along with K. quartana got separate divergences. In addition, this generally seems to support Pringsheim's (1956) reason for read how the distinctive handicap along with Khawkinea species area unit a great deal of nearly regarding elements on the photosynthetic type protozoan than to elements they may decision his or her genera. The slight support inside tightness an d a lot distinguished likelihood examinations for your arrangement regarding K. Quartana may exhibit that its photosynthetic parent haven't nonetheless been recently perceived. Future examination ought to be part on the event of a great deal of ten phototrophic along with osmotrophic euglenoids to the information established, particularly additionally Khawkinea along with handicap species to evaluate this theory a great deal of entirely. The following we see the presence of an protist associated with genus Escherichia (E. coli). Sampled over a petri meal after trials. Harmless gram negative bacterium. Euglena stellata and also E. viridis region unit components of the special occasion Radiatae (Pringsheim 1956) similarly the taxonomic type protozoan (Zakry and also Walne 1994). elements region unitportrayed by ribbonshaped chloroplasts transmittal coming from a paramylon concentrate throughout a star-like illustration. These a couple of taxa region unit all that many indistinguishable with look, nonetheless tend to be oftendifferentiated by the fitness of the natural liquid bodies, created evident from the wake associated with staining together with unprejudiced red, between your investment strips. In At the. stellata your organic water bodies region unitpointed while in At the. viridis they are spherical. even though the tactic that, these kinds of taxa region unitconcerning misty, their SSU rDNA collections area model novel, acquiring meandered by thirteen fromeach different, third and 100 % over Any. longa and also K. quartana possess veered by E. gracilis, severally (data not s howed). With this approach, At the. stellata and also E. viridis seem to be, all in most, to possibly be exceptional kinds, whereas your taxonomic type protozoan and then the occasion Radiatae produce off a sway of being phylogenetically trustworthy to amazing benefits, i. e. monophyletic asdelineate. The particular gathering Catilliferae, taxonomic type calliglena region unit self-addressed by protozoan gracilis, Euglena sp., and also E. agilis on the crown with the tree and also E. anabaena across the bottom with the tree. These taxa region unit built up by their responsibility regarding peltate plastid together with twofold pyrenoids secured which has a lens-formed high of paramylon. The actual large break up of anabaena in the opposite morphologically relative portions of the type protozoan displays 3 possible results. Whatever the case, that any peltate plastid made up of a twofold pyrenoid what is more lens framed paramylon topnotch provides up over once, on this approach generating this identity homoplastic. Next, it's likely to be balanced after a rate in the relatives in the last normal forerunner, therefore creating this kind of character plesiomorphic. Next, in spite in the approach which the position associated with E. anabaena is reasonably maintained in your examinations, your examinations area unit targeted around any lone good quality, and at a later date can end up being deceiving. The sequencing of a lot of qualities or of the similar good quality from further protozoan kinds, significantly those who have a spot using the gathering Catilliferae and therefore the taxonomic type Calliglena, could facilitate to help determination this kind of. in impr ovement, these groupings will probably be important to assess the genuineness in the event Catilliferae and therefore the taxonomic type Calliglena. Currently, SSU rDNA 14 advocate of which neither can be monophyletic, nor on this approach not just a bigphyletic collecting. The leftover clades on this examination area unit created outside of a mixofprotozoan, Lepocinclis along with Phacus kinds found within the larger protozoan scientific group. On the get-go these taxa could apparently possess trivial in such as approach, nonetheless they do have comparative morphological features; all area unit relating to rigid together with plate as well as lens-structured chloroplasts that require pyrenoids and so are unremarkably signed up with with two limitlessparamylon grains. Also, these genera have a connected variety history together with Phacus along with Lepocinclis, being separated in the mixture protozoan. The actual category protozoan ended up being brought by means of writer upward in 1830 (formally throughout 1838), but by means of 1841 the volume of protozoan kinds was transforming into limitless thus Dujardin increased the variety Phacus to help contain individuals elements that have been rigid, equalized (measure associated with straightening moves) along with needed pyrenoids throughout "numerous" kinds. Later, Perty (1849) raised the household Lepocinclis to help contain those portions of the miscellanea protozoan that have been unyielding, not straightened, along with needed pyrenoids just about all told kinds. With your likeness throughout morphologyand and so the methodology for assortment background, it's not silly to locate these taxa intermixed. The type Phacus houses 2 special non-sister clades within the interior in the tree, whereas one particular biological party is formed outside of primarily Phacus species the other biological group is often a mixture associated with Phacus along with Lepocinclis. Phacus similis, R. oscillans, along with P. pusillus composition the monophyletic scientific group, what is more differentiate in the opposite 2Phacus species with a far accompany body using a "fold". Phacus pusillus includes a wide slanted depression within the superior 1/3 to help 1/2 associated with its system; the edges of R. oscillans area unit systematically climbed arranging central timber, while R. similis provides one full flip. Whether or not these contrivances end up being demonstrative could require the study of further levels likewise/or "broken down" Phacus kinds. Day 14 TOP FIRST ROW in particular (done by me) showing results agarose gel electrophoresis. Day 12 SECOND TOP RIGHT in particular (done by me) showing results agarose gel electrophoresis. Your second Phacus scientific group consists of P. pyrum, M. ovata, in addition to P. splendens, so much area product ovoid or maybe bent well and well with solid investment strips and also a pointed trail. Phacus splendens was depicted seeing that Phacus species cf. pyrum (Ehrenberg) Stein, by Chaudefaud 1937) and is particularly during an all-inclusive approach much the same in turn to P. pyrum, but has the perceiving tip of plastid along with pyrenoids, that location unit inferior all explained to distinctive Phacus species during this examination. Lepocinclis ovata is equally general in lookto P. pyrum and was delineate seeing that P. pyrum var. ovata (Playfair 1921) until finally Teodor Josef Konrad Korzeniowski (1934) impacted it to the family an even dozen Lepocinclis. Taking everything into consideration, Phacus pyrum have been affected increase; it ended up initially made as protozoan pyrum (Ehrenberg 1831) in addition to was afterwards affected for you to Lepocinclis throug h Perty (1849) earlier finally currently being placed within the sort Phacus through Stein (1878). Pringsheim (1956) et ing have impugned the particular amendment associated with E. pyrum for you to P. pyrum and through the proof bestowedhere the analysis offers off a new sway to be real not only for P. pyrum, on the other hand perhaps with regard to distinctive Phacus species. The left over biological group with this tree is sister to the 2 Phacus clades and possesses protozoan eco-friendly algae, E. acus, in addition to Lepocinclis gamete that structure a new trichotomy. This exhibits the taxa location unit all large amounts of similar into their SSU rDNA get together, thus comparative that present phyletic methods cannot definitively solve their fanning solicitation. Thinking about further taxa may resolve this center goal. Protozoan eco-friendly algae in addition to establish with all the event Rigidae (Pringsheim 1956) and therefore the taxonomic categoryDiscoglena (Zakry in ad dition to Walne 1994). Whereas all components of the Rigidae location unit was comprised of withinthe taxonomic class Discoglena, the elements of the particular Rigidae location unit restricted to concerninginflexible, extended cells which has a back vertebrae, whereas Discoglena will be a lot of commonly delineate seeing that containing elements which will be considerably metabolic, shorter in addition to neglecting to provide a vertebrae. Their uniting morphological contrivance is the plastid, that location unit portrayed as being completely diverse, very minor lens or maybe circle formed further more lacking pyrenoids. This chloroplasts associated with L. gamete what is more work this characterization moreover being all-around firm. This assortment historical past of M. gamete have been one amidst reinterpretation, it absolutely was initially employed protozoan gamete through writer (1838) then it absolutely was affected to the category Phacus through Klebs (1883) previous finall y currently being set into your family Lepocinclis through Lemmermann (1910). That close-by relationship of M. gamete along with E. eco-friendly algae in addition to E. acus organized by sub-nuclear knowledge and plastid design demonstrate the primary article author characterization may are proper. The using of sub-nuclear SSU rDNA further advancement knowledge possesses angry phyletic woods that location unit tolerably set and reliable, with substantial bootstrap facilitate at the most of the middle points. Trees created victimization stinginess, detachment, and quite few compelling likelihood that surrender to some lone topology, showing an amazing evolution. This kind of tree spots osmotrophs, handicap as well as Khawkinea in one of many phototrophic type protozoan, creating protozoan paraphyletic. Moreover, taxa in the 3phototrophic genera, Phacus, Lepocinclis, and protozoan spot unit intermixed on this tree, creating each one of the 3 genera thirteen paraphyletic. The topology on this tree advises that Phacus as well as Lepocinclis usually do not address monophyletic family members, and provided their variety histories, it's doubtless that each genera spot unit produced groupings aimed around phenetics (likeness). just what lot connected with, if these kind of genera aren't regular, consistent currently being monophyletic within the cladistic impression, but spot unit incredibly basically makeup foundation mixed suitcases, then a plenty of phylo genetically actual arrangement would certainly move these kind of genera move into the household protozoan, creating protozoan monophyletic. This can be found in the kind protozoan just as has all the reserves to be vital for a. longa as well as K. quartana, but whether or not real for every genus most told can easily oblige even more gathering pertaining to additional collection data. Day 10 SECOND TOP RIGHT in particular (done by me) showing results agarose gel electrophoresis. Day 12 FIRST BOTTOM LEFT in particular (done by me) showing results agarose gel electrophoresis. Day 14LEFT BOTTOM WHOLE in particular (done by me) showing results agarose gel electrophoresis. Day 14 SECOND TOP in particular (done by me) showing results agarose gel electrophoresis. METHOD USED: GEL ELECTROPHORESIS: A predominant laboratory method where there is applied a negative charge thus repelling the proteins towards a positive charge. Used in RNA DNA separation. The gel used is agarose gel which is a polymer consisting of charged groups Pyruvate and Sulphate. It can be easily cast and handled. APPENDIX CUVETTE TEMPERATURE REPLICA NO. AND CULTURE 1 15o C PC-1 2 15o C PC-2 3 15o C PC-3 4 20o C BM-1 5 20o C PC-1 6 20o C PC-2 7 20o C PC-3 8 20o C BM-2 9 25o C PC-1 10 25o C PC-2 11 25o C PC-3 12 25o C BM-3 1ml to 12 cuvettes - PCL-9 and BM-1 BM-3 1ml water - control SAMPLES CHILOMONAS EUGLENA VOLUME TOTAL NUMBER 1 PC-1 76 52 150l N/A 2 - PC-2 66 46 150l N/A 3 PC-3 74 54 150l N/A 4 BM-1 83 48 150l N/A 5 PC-1 71 56 150l N/A 6 PC-2 67 62 150l N/A 7 PC-3 62 40 150l N/A 8 BM-2 96 45 150l N/A 9 PC-1 82 36 150l N/A 10 PC-2 85 46 150l N/A 11 PC-3 50 30 150l N/A 12 BM-3 42 34 150l N/A Recorded at petridish 1-12 (x 10) Eukaryotes Drops at 50 l 3 times SAMPLES A B C D E F 1 TMTC TMTC TMTC 8 6 3 2 TMTC TMTC TMTC 5 4 3 3 TMTC TMTC TMTC 8 1 blank 4 blank blank blank blank blank blank 5 TMTC TMTC TMTC 6 2 1 6 TMTC TMTC 15 5 4 3 7 TMTC TMTC 17 11 96 5 8 blank blank blank blank blank blank 9 TMTC TMTC 13 5 3 2 10 TMTC TMTC 5 blank blank blank 11 TMTC TMTC 3 2 blank 3 12 blank blank blank blank blank blank SERIAL DILUTION TMTCToo many to count COLONY COUNT Blank-- Completely nothing there SAMPLES A B C D E F 1/10 1/100 1/1000 1/10000 1/100000 1/10000000 1 - PC-1 TMTC TMTC 16 11 6 3 2 PC-2 TMTC TMTC 14 8 3 2 3 PC-3 TMTC 7 6 4 blank 3 4 BM-1 TMTC 6 5 1 blank blank 5 PC-1 TMTC TMTC TMTC 12 3 4 6 PC-1 TMTC TMTC 7 3 3 1 7 PC-3 7 5 1 blank blank blank 8 BM-2 TMTC TMTC TMTC 8 6 5 9 PC-1 TMTC TMTC 14 5 4 3 10 PC-2 TMTC 10 1 6 1 blank 11 PC-3 TMTC 7 1 blank blank 1 12 BM-3 TMTC TMTC TMTC 6 6 2 Table: SOLID DILUTIONS TMTCToo many to count COLONY COUNT Blank-- Completely nothing there Bacterial Monoculture: Bacillus Cereus NO. SAMPLE TEMP. ABSORBANCE(ml) CENTRIFUGATION BEFORE ABSORBANCE(ml) CENTRIFUGATION AFTER 1 PC-1 15OC 0.018 0.006 2 PC-2 20OC 0.016 0.031 3 PC-3 25OC 0.010 0.017 4 PC-1 15OC 0.069 0.044 5 PC-2 20OC 0.048 0.034 6 PC-3 25OC 0.046 0.044 7 PC-1 15OC 0.035 0.049 8 PC-2 20OC 0.032 0.044 9 PC-3 25OC 0.030 0.039 10 BM-1 15OC 0.081 0.028 11 BM-2 20OC 0.087 0.013 12 BM-3 25OC 0.023 0.002 Spectrometer Reading The table below represents the samples absorbance. Number TEMP. Temperature SAMPLE TEMP. EMPTY WEIGHT WEIGHT INCLUDING PCR WEIGHT AFTER ADDING H20 1 15 OC 0.887 0.912 2 15 OC 0.886 0.912 3 15 OC 0.888 0.923 4 20 OC 0.884 0.895 5 20 OC 0.887 0.909 6 2 OC 0.886 0.892 SAMPLE TEMPERATURE EMPTY WEIGHT INCLUDING PCR ADDED H20 1 20 0C 0.027 0.053 2 20 0C 0.027 0.557 3 20 0C 0.027 0.051 4 20 0C 0.027 0.053 5 20 0C 0.027 0.058 6 20 0C 0.027 0.036 0.014 References Bremer, K. 1994. Branch support and tree stability. Cladistics 10:295-304. Chaudefaud, M. 1937. Anatomic comparJe des EuglJniens. Le Botaniste. 28:85 185. Conrad, W. 1934. MatJriaux pour une monographie du genre Lepocinclis Perty. Arch. Protkde. 82:203 249. Donoghue, M. J., Olmstead, R. G., Smith, J. F., Palmer, J. D. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships of Dipscales based on rbcL sequences. Ann. Missouri Bot. Garden. 79:249-265. Dujardin, F. 1841. Histoire naturelle des Zoophytes infusoires. Paris. Roret. pp. 684.14 Ehrenberg, C. G. 1830. Neue Beobachtungen ber blutartige Erscheinungnen in gypten, Arabien, und Sibirien, nebst einer bersicht und Kritik der frher bekannten. Pogg. Ann. Physik. Chem. 94:477--514. Ehrenberg, C. G. 1831. ber die Entwicklung und Lebensdauer der Infusionsthiere: nebst ferneren Beitrgen zu einer Vergleichung ihrere organischen Systeme. Phys. Abh. Berl. Akad. Wiss. pp. 1--154. Ehrenberg, C. G. 1838. Die Infusionsthierchen als vollkommene Organismen. Leipzig:Verlag von Leopold Voss. Elwood, H. J., Olsen, G. J. Sogin, M. L. 1985. The small-subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences from the hypotrichous ciliates Osytricha nova and Stylonychia pustulata. Mol. Biol. Evol., 2:399--410. Eriksson, T., 1997. AutoDecay ver. 2.9.6 (Hypercard stack distributed by the author). Botaniska Institutionen, Stockholm University. Stockholm. Felsenstein, J. 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution. 39:783791. Goff, L. Moon, D. 1993. PCR amplification of nuclear and plastid genes from algal herbarium specimens and algal spores. J. Phycol. 29:381--384. Hillis, D. M. Huelsenbeck, J. P. 1992. Signal, noise, and reliability in molecular phylogenetic analyses. J. Heredity. 83:189--195.15 Jahn, T. L. McKibben, W. R. 1937. A colorless euglenoid flagellate Khawkinea halli n.gen., n.Trans. Amer. Microscop. Soc. 56:4854. Jahn, T. L. 1946. The euglenoid flagellates. Quart. Rev. Biolog. 21:246274. Jin, L. Nei, M. 1990. Limitations of the evolutionary parsimony method of phylogenetic analysis. Mol. Biol. Evol. 7:82102. Kimura, M. 1980. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 63:1181--1188. Kjer, K. M. 1995. Use of rRNA secondary structure in phylogenetic studies to identify homologous positions: an example of alignment and data presentation from the frogs. Mol. Phylo. and Evol. 4:314--330. Klebs, G. 1883. ber die organization einiger Flagellaten-Gruppen und ihre Beziehungen zu Algen und Infusorien. Untersuchung aus dem Botanisches Inst. zu Tbingen. 1:233262. Lemmermann, E. 1910. Kryptogamenflora der Mark Brandenburg und angrenzender Geiviete (herausgegeben von dem Bot. Ver. der Prov. Brandenburg). Algen I (Schizophyceen, Flagellaten, Peridineen). Eugleninen. Leipzig, Borntraeger. 3:484 562. Linton, E.W., Hittner, H., Lewandowski, C., Auld, T., Triemer, R. E. 1999. A molecular study of Euglenoid phylogeny using small subunit rDNA. J. Euk. Microbiol. 46(2):217 223. Medlin, L., Elwood, H. J., Stickel, S. Sogin, M. L. 1988. The characterization of enzymatically amplified eukaryotic 16S-like rRNA coding regions. Gene. 71:491--499.16 Montegut-Felkner, A. E., Triemer, R. E. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships of select euglenoid enera based on morphological and molecular data. J. Phycol. 33: 512--519. Perty, M. 1849. g ber verticale Verbreitung mikroskopischer Lebensformen. Mittheilungen der naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Bern (Nr. 146 149). pp. 17 45. Playfair, G. J. 1921. Australian freshwater flagellates. Ibid. 46:99 146. Pringsheim, E. G. 1936. Zur kenntnis saprotropher algen und glagellaten, I: ber anhugungkulturen polysaprober fagellaten. Arch. Protistenk. 87:4396. Pringsheim, E. G., und Hosvasse, R. 1950. Les relations de parent entre Astasiaces et Euglenaces. Arch. Zool. Expr. et gn. 86:499--549. Pringsheim, E. G. 1956. Contributions towards a monograph of the genus Euglena. Nova Acta Leoplodina. 125:1--168. Smith, S. W., Overbeek, R., Woese, C. R., Gilbert, W. Gillevet, P. M. 1994. The genetic data environment: an expandable GUI for multiple sequence analysis. Comput. Appl. Biosci. 10:671-675. Sogin, M. L. Gunderson, J. H. 1987. Structural diversity of eukaryotic small subunit ribosomal RNAs: evolutionary implications. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 573:125139 Stein, F. R. 1878. Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere. III. Abt. der Organismus der Flagellaten, Leipzig. pp.154.17 Swofford, D. L. 1999. PAUP*: Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (and other methods), version 4.0. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts. Triemer, R. E. Farmer, M. A. 1991a. The ultrastructural organization of the heterotrophic euglenids and its evolutionary implications. In: Patterson, D. J. Larsen, J. (ed.), The Biology of Free-Living Heterotrophic Flagellates. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 186--204. Triemer, R. E. Farmer, M. A. 1991b. An ultrastructural comparison of the mitotic apparatus, feeding apparatus, flagellar apparatus and cytoskeleton in euglenoids and kinetoplastids. Protoplasma 164:91--104. Van de Peer, Y. De Wachter, R. 1994. TREECON for Windows: a software package for the construction and drawing of evolutionary trees for the Microsoft Windows environment. Comput. Applic. Biosci. 10:569570. Van de Peer, Y., Rensing, S. A., Maier, U.-G. De Wachter, R. 1996. Substitution rate calibration of small subunit ribosomal RNA identifies chlorarchniophyte endosymbionts as remnants of green algae. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 93:77327736. Van de Peer, Y., Robbrecht, E., de Hoog, S., Caers, A., De Rijk, P., De Wachter, R. 1999. Database on the structure of small subunit ribosomal RNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 27(1) 179-183. Zakry, B., Walne, P. L. 1994. Floristic, taxonomic and phytogeographic studies of green Euglenophyta from the Southeastern United States, with emphasis on new and rare species. Algol. Stud. 72:71-114.

Monday, April 20, 2020

Time Machine By Wells Essays - The Time Machine,

Time Machine By Wells Herbert George Wells was born in 1866 in Bromley, Kent, a few miles from London, the son of a house-maid and gardener. Wells died in 1946, a wealthy and famous author, having seen science fiction become a recognized literary form and having seen the world realize some of science fiction's fondest dreams and worst fears. Wells mother attempted to find him a safe occupation as a draper or chemist. Wells had a quick mind and a good memory that enabled him to pass subjects by examination and win a scholarship to the Normal School of Science, where he stayed for three years and, most importantly, was exposed to biology under the famous Thomas H. Huxley. Wells went into teaching and writing text books and articles for the magazines that were of that time. In 1894 he began to write science-fiction stories. -James Gunn Wells vision of the future, with its troglodytic Morlocks descended from the working class of his day and the pretty but helpless Eloi devolved from the leisure class, may seem antiquated political theory. It emerged out of the concern for social justice that drew Wells to the Fabian Society and inspired much of his later writing, but time has not dimmed the fascination of the situation and the horror of the imagery. The Time Machine brought these concerns into his fiction. It, too, involved the future, but a future imagined with greater realism and in greater detail than earlier stories of the future. It also introduced, for the first time in fiction, the notion of a machine for traveling in time. In this novel the Time Machine by H. G. Wells, starts with the time traveler trying to persuade his guest's the theory of the fourth dimension and even the invention. He tries to explain the fourth dimension before he shows them the time machine so they don't think of him as a magician. H. G. Wells uses details about the fourth dimension to teach the reader the theory about it to capture your attention. Also Wells character the time traveler says "Scientific people", "Know very well that time is only a kind of space". In this quote he is clearly using persuasion tactics. He tries to attack there consious by saying that, scientific people know that this is only a kind of space. He says this in hopes that they will believe what he says just because other intelligent people believe the theory. This is a very primitive but still an effective way to try to persuade people. The idea is "because many people believe it, so it must be true". The people he is trying to persuade are of 19th century thinking and well to do people and they are competitive amongst other well to do people so if other rich and intelligent people believe this fourth dimension theory so the time traveler hopes this will motivate them to learn about it. The Characters in the book Time Machine are The time traveler, Filby, the psychologist, and the provincial mayor. Later the silent man and the editor come in to play. Filby is described as "an argumentative person with red hair". He has another label that Wells puts on him; he call him the "young man". The psychologist also has another label; he is "the medical man". The time traveler is described briefly when the group of intellects head down the corridor to the laboratory. He uses "his queer broad head in silhouette." When the arrive at the machine's location it is described as "Parts were made of nickel, parts of ivory, parts had certainly been filed or sawn out of rock crystal". He probably chose these characters as witnesses because they hold higher education and people would believe them from there reputations. The psychologist would be beneficiary in convincing the other that its not a hoax because he is aware of human behavior. The provincial mayor is also an intelligent man and the people elected him so if he is to believe that this works then many people would follow him. Filby is another character but never talks about his standing in society it could be his friend because he did wink at the time traveler or maybe he is not because he disputed the time traveler's time machine in his face and behind his back. H. G. Wells uses two other characters that come to dinner to meet the time traveler. The main character comes back from the future. The medical doctor and the provincial mayor

Sunday, March 15, 2020

The eNotes Blog The Ultimate Student-ID Discount Guide of2019

The Ultimate Student-ID Discount Guide of2019 Between paying rent, buying groceries, and maintaining a social life, being a student can get expensive. The good news is that there are tons of discounts out there to help you get more bang for your buck without having to completely sacrifice your lifestyle. Whether you’re on or off campus, be sure to keep your student ID close to save more and spend less. Bookmark this post or download our handy PDF, because youll want to keep these 100+ savings accessible all year long. Apparel Ann Taylor: 15% off purchase by verifying your email with UNiDAYS or showing your student ID in store American Eagle Outfitters: 20% student discount when you shop online at Banana Republic: 15% off your full-priced purchase with valid school ID Charlotte Russe: 10% off site wide when registered with UNiDAYS Club Monaco: 15% off full-price and sale merchandise in stores and online to college students who sign up with their school email Dr. Martens: 15% off when registered with UNiDAYS Eastern Mountain Sports: 15% off purchase when registered with UNiDAYS Forever 21: 21% off online purchases when registered with Student Beans J. Crew: 15% discount on any in-store purchases with valid school ID Levi’s: 15% discount in-store and online with valid school ID and email Madewell: 15% discount for college students who present valid school ID at in-store checkout Medelita: 20% off by scanning or taking a picture of current student ID and submitting an online form Missguided: 30% off online purchases for students registered with UNiDAYS Necessary Clothing: 20% discount on all online purchases by registering with StudentRate Toms: 10% discount on all full-priced styles to students Topshop: 10% discount after verifying your student status with  Student Beans Vineyard Vines: 15% off purchases online and in select stores for eligible students Zaful: Exclusive student deals and 15% off all items site-wide Retail 1800Flowers: 20% off online orders when registered with UNiDAYS Amazon: 50% off Amazon’s Prime service which includes streaming video and unlimited two-day shipping, after a six-month free trial Best Buy: Exclusive offers and discounts on a variety of products when students sign up with Student Deals Eight Smart Mattresses: Various discounts and special financing plans for students FedEx: 30% off on documents and 20% on shipping services with FedEx Office with valid school ID Overstock: Free Club O membership with exclusive rewards, cash back, and free shipping on all orders Pottery Barn: 15% off orders in-store and online with validation of school email or student ID Sally Beauty Supplies: Free Beauty Student Savings Club Card for beauty school students after presenting ID or filling out an application in-store Sam’s Club: Discounts on membership and savings on college essentials with a Collegiate Membership Target: 15% off entire purchase when creating a college registry West Elm: 15% off in-store purchases with valid student ID. Save on your online order by registering .edu email address Tech Phone Adobe: Various discounts on software, such as 60% off on Creative Cloud, for full-time students Apple: 5% off most purchases for students and educators. For example, save up to $200 on a new Mac or a new iPad with Apple’s Education pricing ATT: Various wireless plans and programs for college students AVG: 30% off online by registering with Student Beans Dell: Discounts on laptops, desktops, and more through Dell University Lenovo: Lenovo’s Academic Purchase Program offers student discounts on laptops, tablets, and desktop computers. Discounts vary depending on school Logitech: 25% off on products by verifying your student status with UNiDAYS Microsoft: Save up to $194 on a Surface Pro 3, 10% on accessories, and get special pricing on software Norton: Up to 50% savings on security and AntiVirus software Skullcandy: 20% off online purchases when registered with Student Beans Sony: Up to 10% savings on merchandise when you sign up for the Sony Student Store membership T-Mobile: Special plans alongside discounted smartphones and tablets when you register with Student Rate Insurance Allstate: Various discount plans for college students Farmers: College students with a 3.0 GPA, on the Dean’s List, on the Honor Roll, or ranked in the top 20% of their class can get a discount on insurance. Submit proof of eligibility, including a report card, when applying for the discount. Geico: As a full-time students, you could qualify for a several money-saving discounts Nationwide: Students between the ages of 16 and 24 who are enrolled in school full-time can qualify for the good student discount. Homeschooled students can also qualify but need to be in the top 20% of the nations standardized tests State Farm: Students may qualify for a good student discount or student away at school discount. Stock and Go: 10% off everything when registered with UNiDAYS Travelers: Students may qualify for various discounts based on good grades and safe driving. Students can also receive a discount if they successfully complete an approved drivers education course. Entertainment AMC Theaters: Discounted movie tickets on Thursdays with valid school ID Apple Music: Discounted membership price for up to 4 years The Art Institute of Chicago: $19 tickets for general admission, $14 tickets for Chicago students, and $16 tickets for Illinois residents Carnegie Hall: $15 student tickets through July 31, 2019 Cinemark: Discounted tickets at various locations with valid school ID Memphis Symphony Orchestra: $10 tickets with valid school ID Metropolitan Opera: Discounted tickets for full-time undergraduates and graduate students. Prices will vary by show. New England Aquarium: $2 off admission and IMAX tickets Spotify: $4.99 per month along with a free Hulu and Showtime subscription Travel Transportation Choice Hotels: Earn 15% off at participating hotels with the Student Advantage Card. Choice Hotels include Comfort Inn, Comfort Suites, Quality Inn, Sleep Inn, Clarion, Cambria Suites, MainStay Suites, EconoLodge, Rodeway Inn, and Ascend. Coach USA: Discounted tickets depending on your school’s bus line. Discounts will vary. Greater Cleveland RTA: U-Pass for around $25 per semester General Motors: Discounts on vehicles, products, and services with the GM College Discount 10% off rooms when booking online with UNiDAYS Penske: 10% off all truck rentals for students, plus an additional 10% if you book your one-way rental online Zipcar: $15 student membership plus $25 free driving credit when you join Zipcar online at Publications The Economist: $2.36 per week for students and a weekly delivery in print, full access to, and full access to The Economist apps. Various subscription offers available Guilford Press: 40% discount on books, videos, newsletters, and journals with no minimum order and free shipping with Guilford Press for full-time students Scribd: $4.99 a month with a student subscription The New York Times: Basic subscription for $1 a week with unlimited access to and the app. Other discounted subscription options available. The Wall Street Journal: $1 per week for students. Some schools offer a complimentary WSJ subscription with valid school ID The Washington Post: $5 every 4 weeks with unlimited access to and the app Health Fitness Aaptiv: 50% off a monthly or yearly subscription by registering with UNiDAYS Barre 3: 20% off workout classes when you subscribe to barre3 online at BPI Sport: 20% off their order of supplements and products when registered with Student Beans Pharmapack: 10% off by verifying your school email with UNiDAYS Tough Mudder 30% discount to all verified University and College students in the United States Food *   Discounts will vary based on location * Arby’s: 10% off entire meal with student ID Buffalo Wild Wings: 10% off entire meal with student ID Burger King: 10% discount at some locations with student ID Chick-Fil-A: Free small drink with any purchase at some locations with student ID Chipotle: Free soda with your meal (depending on location) with a student ID Dairy Queen: 10% discount on entire meal at certain locations with valid student ID Dominoes: Various discounted deals depending on location Dunkin Donuts: 10% discount on your purchase with valid school ID Firehouse Subs: 10% off first order at participating locations Kroger: 5% discount on groceries McDonald’s: Free hamburger, cheeseburger, or McFlurry with purchase at select locations. Papa John’s: Various discounts offer depending on location Qdoba: Free drink with meal purchase Schlotzky’s Deli: 10-15% discount on orders Shari’s Restaurants: 10% off meal Shoney’s: 15% discount on meal with valid school ID Subway: 10% off subs, salads, and snacks at certain locations with valid student ID Sweet Tomatoes: 10% discount on the salad buffet Taco Bell: 10% off meal at participating locations TCBY: 15% savings with valid school ID Waffle House: 10% discount at certain locations with valid student ID Here are some other websites dedicated to promoting special discounts and exclusive offers for students. Student Advantage Card: The Student Advantage Card partners with major retailers, travel providers, and more to offer exclusive discounts for students for a yearly standard rate. Student Rate: Student Rate is dedicated to connecting students with current discounts across the web. Once you register your student ID, they’ll send discounts straight to your inbox. UNiDAYS: A free discount service used to verify student status with a wide variety of businesses. Simply sign up with your student email to gain access to an abundance of deals from your favorite brands and services. International Student Identity Card: The only internationally-recognized student ID, the ISIC provides over 160,000 benefits in 130+ countries for a standard monthly fee. Whether you’re an incoming freshman or a seasoned senior, there are too many discounts not to take advantage of while you’re still a student. If you know of any deals or discounts that didn’t make our list, send us an email and let us know. We want to make our Ultimate Student Discount Guide a reliable resource for students, so be on the lookout for updated content and new features.

Friday, February 28, 2020

California State Prison Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

California State Prison - Research Paper Example Hence, all of the California’s State Prisons are equipped with the highest security and major facilities. The State Prison is designed as multi-mission institutions with high level and minimum security. They have the working facilities of soap manufacturing, laundry with other major improving conveniences relating to health care, rehabilitation and education, self-improvement, vocational and psychiatric needs (Stephan, 2004). Population California State, having the second largest Police Department makes not mistake in bringing the offenders to the prisons. During the first six years of the 21st century the population peaked till 173,000 inmates but finally started to go down and ended up around 163,000 by the year 2010. Due to the over flowing population capacity of the prison, the Supreme Court ordered to either transfer or release around 30,000 prisoners by the end of year 2013. It was a necessary step taken in order to maintain the conditions of the State Prison. Due to thi s management the small offenders are sent to small local custodies than state prison, which shows a great 12% decrease in the population, which is about 141,000 inmates by the end of February, 2012. The population around the State Prison is also aging, with only 13% prisoners under the age of 25. This is majorly due to two factors. The first being the overall age of California State population is getting older, and secondly people are sentenced to more years in the prison (Hayes, 2012). Women constitute only 5% of the State Prison population under less crime intensity. Yet the overall population of State Prison constitutes of a major population of African Americans, about 5 times as much as any other race (Hayes, 2012). Budget Four of the California’s State Prisons in Solano, LA, Sacramento, and Corcoran runs under the collective budget of 719.4 Million Dollars. This includes the budget for the facilities of education, health care, and institution. Even with this budget the C alifornia State Prison needs more rooms and a larger bed count as most of the prisons are much over their designed capacity. California having the largest population in the United States equally spends the most on its inmates as well, with an estimate of 16000$ annually spent just on health care of each inmate (census 2008-2009) which is more than thrice of Texas which spends less than 4000$ per inmate in a year (Hayes, 2012). Level of surveillance The California State Prison works under the special level of security which enables them to categorize the prisoners accordingly. Level 1: Open dormitories with no secure perimeter. Level 2: The dormitories are open but with secure perimeter and armed coverage. Level 3: It included personal cells with fences perimeters along with armed coverage throughout the area. Level 4: Along with individual cells, the perimeters are fenced or walled with high security and more staff. The guards protect the inside and the outside the prison area. Secu rity Housing Unit (SHU): This area comes under the level 4 security level, that includes inmates that are confirmed prison gang members, bosses and high tension victims are kept under surveillance at all times. Reception Center (RC): This is the short term housing facility that enables the state prison to identify on which level the prisoner should be housed. Condemned (Cond): The

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

Human Resource Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 6

Human Resource Management - Essay Example This essay stresses that HRM is the advanced form of the HR. It is considered as the backbone of any organisation or firm. The relationship among the employees should be cordial and there should be a jovial environment. Gender equality is gaining importance in present market. Women are being considered as potential threat (competitors) to their male counterparts. With an able leader organisational goals can be achieved through proper planning. Corporate social responsibility also plays an important role in the development of an organisation. CSR agenda is to inspire, challenge and empower employees, to positively contribute to local communities and environment; to help create a substantial business future for all of us. CSR is viewed as part of the way in which business is done and an active approach brings tangible benefits to business. In recognising wider responsibilities to a broad range of stakeholders – including partners, employees, clients, suppliers, community groups and opinion formers – CSR aims to permeate many levels of business activity – affecting corporate governance, employee relations, client relationships, environmental management, community involvement as well as many business operations, including Graduate Recruitment, Diversity and Facilities. This paper makes a conclusion that CSR takes a number of forms; committed to developing sustainable and mutually beneficial working relationships with community and voluntary organisations working in a variety of fields – including education, regeneration, employment, homelessness and environmental conservation.